Diagnosis A complete neurological exam and medical history are needed to diagnose MS.
Glossary Introduction Multiple Sclerosis MS is the most common disabling neurological disease of young adults. It most often appears when people are between 20 to 40 years old. However, it can also affect children and older people. The course of MS is unpredictable.
A small number of those with MS will have a mild course with little to no disability, while another smaller group will have a steadily worsening disease that leads to increased disability over time.
Most people with MS, however, will have short periods of symptoms followed by long stretches of relative relief, with partial or full recovery. How does the disease begin? Why is the course of MS so different from person to person?
Is there anything we can do to prevent it?
Can it be cured? This brochure includes information about why MS develops, how it progresses, and what new therapies are being used to treat its symptoms and slow its progression. New treatments can reduce long-term disability for many people with MS.
However, there are still no cures and no clear ways to prevent MS from developing. Multiple sclerosis MS is a neuroinflammatory disease that affects myelina substance that makes up the membrane called the myelin sheath that wraps around nerve fibers axons.
Plaques can be as small as a pinhead or as large as the size of a golf ball. While MS sometimes causes severe disability, it is only rarely fatal and most people with MS have a normal life expectancy. The myelin sheath helps to speed nerve impulses traveling within the nervous system.
Axons are also damaged in MS, although not as extensively, or as early in the disease, as myelin.
Under normal circumstances, cells of the immune system travel in and out of the brain patrolling for infectious agents viruses, for example or unhealthy cells.
This is called the "surveillance" function of the immune system. When they do, they produce substances to stop the infectious agent. If they encounter unhealthy cells, they either kill them directly or clean out the dying area and produce substances that promote healing and repair among the cells that are left.
Researchers have observed that immune cells behave differently in the brains of people with MS.Multiple Sclerosis Treatments Introduction to Treatments for MS This section gives an overview of treatments designed to slow disease activity and progression, treat relapses, and treat symptoms.
Treatments. Treatments used to manage multiple sclerosis (MS) can be divided into several categories and can affect the disease course . Alternative Medicine & Multiple Sclerosis.
Chronic diseases like MS can often be managed and sometimes cured more effectively with alternative therapeutics than with conventional medicine. What causes multiple sclerosis? Take the multiple sclerosis (MS) quiz and learn about the signs, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, life expectancy, and prognosis.
Managing MS is an ongoing process, beginning with the very first symptoms and continuing throughout the disease course.
It’s never too soon or too late to think about how to access high quality, comprehensive, interdisciplinary care. Secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SP-MS) is a form of MS that follows relapsing-remitting MS.
The majority of people diagnosed with RR-MS will eventually transition to having SP-MS. After a period of relapses (also called attacks, or exacerbations) and remissions the disease will start to progress steadily.