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This land included present-day Pennsylvania and Delawarethough the claim as written would create a bloody conflict with Maryland dubbed Cresap's War over the land grant already owned by Lord Baltimore. Penn put together a colonial expedition and fleet, which set out for America in the middle of the following summer.
Penn, sailing in the vanguard, first set foot on American soil at the colony at New Castle, Delaware. The first Pennsylvania General Assembly was soon held in the colony. Afterwards, Penn journeyed up the river and founded Philadelphia with a core group of accompanying Quakers and others seeking religious freedom on lands he purchased from the local chieftains of the Lenape or Delaware nation.
They had no "historical" allegiance to Pennsylvania, so they almost immediately began petitioning for their own Assembly.
Inthey achieved their goal when the three southernmost counties of Pennsylvania were permitted to split off and become the new semi-autonomous colony of Lower Delaware. New Castle, the most prominent, prosperous and influential settlement in the new colony, became the capital. During its brief period of ascendancy as an empire following the victory by Gustav the Great in the Battle of Breitenfeld Swedish settlers arrived in the area in the early 17th century to found a nearby colony, New Sweden in what is today southern New Jersey.
With the arrival of more numerous English colonists and development of the port on the Delaware, Philadelphia quickly grew into an important colonial city. After the Revolution, the city was chosen to be the temporary capital of the United States from — At the beginning of the 19th century, the federal and state governments left Philadelphia, but the city continued for some years to be the country's cultural and financial center.
Its large free black community aided fugitive slaves and founded the first independent black denomination in the nation, the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Philadelphia became one of the first U. It had many economic and family ties to the South, with southern planters maintaining second homes in the city and having business connections with banks, sending their daughters to French finishing schools run by refugees from Saint-Domingue Haitiselling their cotton to textile manufacturers, which in turn sold some products to the South, for instance, clothing for slaves.
At the beginning of the American Civil Warthere were many southern sympathizers, although most city residents became firmly Union as the war went on. After the American Civil Warcity government was controlled by the Republican Party ; it established a political machine that gained power through patronage.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Philadelphia was described as "corrupt and contented. Beginning during the Great Depressionvoters changed from traditional support for the Republican Party to increasing support for the Democratic Party of President Franklin D.
Rooseveltwhich has now been predominant in local politics for many decades. The population grew dramatically at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, through immigration from IrelandSouthern EuropeEastern Europeand Asiaas well as the Great Migration of blacks from the rural South and Puerto Ricans from the Caribbeanall attracted to the city's expanding industrial jobs.
The Pennsylvania Railroad was expanding and hired 10, workers from the South.
Manufacturing plants and the US Navy Yard employed tens of thousands of industrial workers along the rivers, and the city was also a center of finance and publishing, with major universities.
By the s, much Philadelphia housing was aged and substandard. In the post-World War II era of suburbanization and construction of area highways, many middle-class families met their demand for newer housing by leaving the city for the suburbs.
Population decline accompanied the industrial restructuring and the loss of tens of thousands of jobs in the mid 20th century. With increasing poverty and social dislocation in the city, gang and mafia warfare plagued the city in from the midth century to the early 21st century.
By the end of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st, revitalization and gentrification of historic neighborhoods attracted an increase in middle-class population as people began to return to the city.
New immigrants from Southeast Asiaand Central and South America have contributed their energy to the city. Promotions and incentives in the s and the early 21st century have improved the city's image and created a condominium boom in Center City and the surrounding areas. The Dutch built a fort on the west side of the bay at Swanendael.
Under the command of Peter Minuitthe company's first expedition sailed from Sweden late in in two ships, Kalmar Nyckel and Fogel Gri. Minuit had been the governor of the New Netherland from to Resenting his dismissal by the Dutch West India Company he had brought to the new project the knowledge that the Dutch colony had temporarily abandoned its efforts in the Delaware Valley to focus on the Hudson River valley to the north.
Minuit and his partners further knew that the Dutch view of colonies held that actual occupation was necessary to secure legal claim. The ships reached Delaware Bay in Marchand the settlers began to build a fort at the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. It was the first permanent European settlement in the Delaware Valley.
Under his ten-year rule, the administrative center of New Sweden was moved north to Tinicum Island to the immediate SW of today's Philadelphiawhere he built Fort New Gothenburg and his own manor house which he called the Printzhof.
The Puritan Governor John Winthrop said it was dissolved owing to summer "sickness and mortality. The Dutch never recognized the legitimacy of the Swedish claim and, in the late summer ofDirector-General Peter Stuyvesant of New Amsterdam mustered a military expedition to the Delaware Valley to subdue the rogue colony.
Although the colonists had to recognize the authority of New Netherlandthe Dutch terms were tolerant. The Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to enjoy a much local autonomy, having their own militia, religion, court, and lands.Join the Alliance.
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North Philadelphia: Neighborhoods’ History Has Not Been Forgotten Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Text Size Print This Page Send by Email The neighborhoods of North Philadelphia are home to a number of historical landmarks.
Beyond the customary goals of urban renewal, such as strengthening the area's social and Section 8 rental housing developments or similar federal, state or city programs which may be developed from time to time. Such rent/income ratio and utility allowance factor NORTH PHILADELPHIA REDEVELOPMENT AREA.
The Philadelphia Latino community of North Philadelphia is in the city’s Northeast section. A community and a population that has been around since the s and s has the majority living specific areas like Kensington. Apr 18, · "Our state needs outstanding talent to help drive the new economy. Immigrants are net job creators," said Gov.
Rick Snyder in a recent announcement. "In return, Michigan offers a wonderful place to live, work, play, and raise a family." On the heels . Urban Renewal in West Philadelphia: An Examination of the University of Pennsylvania's Planning, Expansion, and Community Role from the Mids to.