The Republic of Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous nation, has million people living on nearly one thousand permanently settled islands. Some two-to-three hundred ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects range in population from the Javanese about 70 million and Sundanese about 30 million on Java, to peoples numbering in the thousands on remote islands. The nature of Indonesian national culture is somewhat analogous to that of India—multicultural, rooted in older societies and interethnic relations, and developed in twentieth century nationalist struggles against a European imperialism that nonetheless forged that nation and many of its institutions.
The self-name is cultura chilena Orientation Identification.
There exist different explanations about the origins of the name "Chile. In contrast to many other Latin American nations, Chile has not experienced the emergence of strong regionalism or conflicting regional cultural identities.
Notwithstanding the existence of a strong dominant national culture, some cultural regional traditions can be identified. In the southern region the Mapuche Indians are a large cultural group who strongly contributed to the formation of Chilean culture.
Some two thousand miles off the coast of Chile lies the remote Eastern Island, which is inhabited by twenty-eight hundred native islanders who still keep alive many of their Polynesian cultural traditions.
Since the late nineteenth century, Chilean culture has also been nurtured by the arrival of a large group of immigrants, mainly Germans, British, French, Italians, Croatians, Palestinians, and Jews. Nevertheless, many Chileans are often not even aware of their ethnic and cultural backgrounds and they firmly embrace the dominant culture of mainstream society.
Chilean culture is located within the confines of the Republic of Chile, although today someChileans are living abroad. Most of them left the country since the mids as a result of the political and economic hardships of the military regime that ruled from to Chile is a large and narrow strip situated in southwest South America, bounded Social institutions family education and religion the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean.
To the north the arid Atacama Desert separates it from Peru.
The high Andes peaks constitute its natural frontier with Bolivia and Argentina. To the south, the cold waters of the Drake Sea announce the nearness of Antarctica. To the west, Chile looks at endless masses of the South Pacific water. Between the huge Andes Mountains to the east and the lower Coastal mountains to the west is the great Central Valley, which extends from Salamanca, north of Santiago, for over miles 1, kilometers south to Puerto Montt.
The country has a total area ofsquare milessquare kilometers. Chile has a longitude of 2, miles 4, kilometers making of it one of the longest countries in the world. In some places Chile is so Chile narrow that the Andes peaks of its eastern border can be seen from the Pacific coastline.
Its length explains the great variety of climates and regions one can find from north to south. While the northern region is extremely dry including the great Atacama Desert and numerous places where no rain has ever been recordedthe central region is a fertile area with a mild climate.
The southern region by contrast is chilly and rainy, having icy fjords and glaciers at the southernmost tip. The capital city, Santiago, is located in the central region and constitutes the political, cultural, and economic center of the country, and the homeland of the historically dominant Central Valley culture.
Chile is administratively divided in twelve regions subdivided in thirty-one provinces and a metropolitan region that includes the capital city.
Chile has a population of 15, inhabitants from a June estimate with an annual growth rate of 1. The national population density is Almost six million people live in the metropolitan region of Santiago, while the northern and southern regions are sparsely populated.
Most Chileans 84 percent reside in urban areas, while the rest live in an increasingly urbanized rural environment. As oflife expectancy at birth was seventy-two years for males and seventy-eight years for females, while the infant mortality rate was ten per thousand live births.
The majority of Chileans 65 percent are of mixed European-indigenous descent "mestizos," though this term is not in use in Chile. Some 25 percent of Chileans are of European ancestry mainly from Spanish, German, Italian, British, Croatian, and French origins, or combinations there of.
Chile also has a large Palestinian community somepersons, the largest outside Palestine. The indigenous population represents some 7 percent of the population. In Eastern Island the two thousand native inhabitants speak their own language of Polynesian origin. Chileans of foreign ancestry do sometime also speak their mother tongue but do so almost exclusively in the intimacy of their home.Explains the range of impacts that Religions can have on Society.
A. Family. 1. Forms of kinship 2. Diversity in family forms 3.
Marriage and divorce 4. Family violence 5. Families and social policy. B. Education. PREAMBLE The States Parties to the present Covenant. Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all the members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in world.
Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior". As structures or mechanisms of social order, they govern the behaviour of a set of individuals within a given community. Institutions are identified with a social purpose, transcending individuals and intentions by mediating the rules that govern living behavior..
The term "institution" commonly applies to both informal. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
The emergence of the Chilean nation is intimately related to the cultural and social features of the country's rural society. Social Institutions. A social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value.