When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
The importance of using proper citations cannot be understated. It gives credit to the authors for ideas and research that you have incorporated into your own paper.
In addition, failing to acknowledge the work of others can lead to accusations of plagiarism, which in turn can lead to consequences such as a failing grade or even getting fired from your job. This page offers guidelines on how to properly format your cover page, reference page the bibliography and general in-text citing.
Before you start your essay or research paper, you should familiarize yourself with some general APA rules.
First, your paper must be typed on standard-sized paper 8. APA also requires double-spacing and the use of a font that is legible. The use of 12 pt.
Times New Roman font is preferred, although you should always consult your teacher or professor if in doubt about the font. To achieve this, insert page numbers flush right.
The running head should not be longer than 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing, even if the title of your paper is longer. APA format title page An APA format title page should include the title of your paper, your name, and the school, college or university where you study.
The page header should be inserted flush left while the page numbering should be flush right and at the top of the page. This is how the running head should appear on the title page: APA recommends limiting your title length to a maximum of 12 words and avoiding the use of abbreviations and unnecessary words.
It is acceptable for the title to consist of one or two lines.
Use double-spacing throughout your paper, including on the title page. Under the title, you should type your first name, middle initial sand last name. Under your name, type the name of your academic institution or research organization. Here is an APA format sample for your title page: The abstract should follow the title page.
The top will include the aforementioned page header. Below this is where you will provide a brief, one paragraph, double-spaced summary of the main points of your essay. Do not indent the abstract.
You could also include the implications of your work and recommendations for future studies connected with your findings. The abstract should be no fewer than words, but no more than Your abstract can also include keywords from your paper.
This would allow researchers to find your work in databases easier. Below your abstract paragraph, indent as though you were starting a new paragraph. Next, type Keywords in italics. Complete it by listing your keywords. Here is a sample of an abstract: The body of your research paper should follow the universal format of introduction that discusses a problem, a thesis or argument that you intend to make, around three paragraphs in which you support your thesis and defend against counterarguments, and a conclusion that summarizes your work and discusses the broader implications.
The APA format for the reference list is very specific. The reference lines should be double-spaced and the second and subsequent lines for each reference should be indented half an inch from the left margin of your paper.APA Citation Guide When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.
The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.
Open education resources for academic writing.
Learn how to format your reference list of sources cited in your study in APA style. These instructional pages offer examples of reference list entries for different types of sources as well as guidance on the variations for citing online materials using doi numbers and URLs.
Basics of APA Style: In-Depth Online Course $80 ($60 for APA members) | Learn to apply the basic rules of APA Style in writing term papers, research reports, and journal articles.
The course provides a comprehensive overview of the elements of manuscript preparation; each section is followed by two to three review questions. Academic Referencing See also: Writing a Dissertation or Thesis.
When writing assignments for your studies, academic papers outlining our research or reports for work, you need to highlight your use of other author's ideas and words so that you: Record as much information as possible in references to make finding the original work simple.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.