Equity theory consists of four propositions: Systems of equity will evolve within groups, and members will attempt to induce other members to accept and adhere to these systems. The only way groups can induce members to equitably behave is by making it more profitable to behave equitably than inequitably. Thus, groups will generally reward members who treat others equitably and generally punish increase the cost for members who treat others inequitably.
Triangles Triangles A triangle is a three-person relationship system. A two-person system is unstable because it tolerates little tension before involving a third person.
A triangle can contain much more tension without involving another person because the tension can shift around three relationships. Spreading the tension can stabilize a system, but nothing gets resolved.
Paradoxically, a triangle is more stable than a dyad, but a triangle creates an odd man out, which is a very difficult position for individuals to tolerate. Anxiety generated by anticipating being or by being the odd man out is a potent force in triangles.
The patterns in a triangle change with increasing tension. Someone is always uncomfortable in a triangle and pushing for change. The insiders solidify their bond by choosing each other in preference to the less desirable outsider.
When someone chooses another person over oneself, it arouses particularly intense feelings of rejection. If mild to moderate tension develops between the insiders, the most uncomfortable one will move closer to the outsider. One of the original insiders now becomes the new outsider and the original outsider is now an insider.
The new outsider will make predictable moves to restore closeness with one of the insiders. At moderate tension levels, triangles usually Programmed theory one side in conflict and two harmonious sides. The conflict is not inherent in the relationship in which it exists, but reflects the overall functioning of the triangle.
At a high level of tension, the outside position becomes the most desirable.
If severe conflict erupts between the insiders, one insider opts for the outside position by getting the current outsider fighting with the other insider.
If the maneuvering insider is successful, he gains the more comfortable position of watching the other two people fight. When the tension and conflict subside, the outsider will try to regain an inside position. Triangles contribute significantly to the development of clinical problems.
For example, getting pushed from an inside to an outside position can trigger a depression or perhaps even a physical illness, or two parents intensely focusing on what is wrong with a child can trigger serious rebellion in the child.
Example Michael and Martha were extremely happy during the first two years of their marriage. She was quite nauseous during the first trimester and developed blood pressure and weight gain problems as the pregnancy progressed.
She talked frequently to Michael of her insecurities about being a mother. The pregnancy places more pressure on Martha and on the marital relationship. Michael is outwardly supportive of Martha, but is reactive to hearing about her anxieties.
He views her as having a problem.
A female infant was born after a long labor. They named her Amy. Martha was exhausted and not ready to leave the hospital when her doctor discharged her.
Over the next few months, she felt increasingly overwhelmed and extremely anxious about the well-being of the young baby. She looked to Michael for support, but he was getting home from the office later and Martha felt he was critical of her coping problems and that he dismissed her worries about the child.
There was much less time together for just Michael and Martha and, when there was time, Michael ruminated about work problems.
Martha became increasingly preoccupied with making sure her growing child did not develop the insecurities she had. She tried to do this by being as attentive as she could to Amy and consistently reinforcing her accomplishments. It was easier for Martha to focus on Amy than it was for her to talk with Michael.
She reacted intensely to his real and imagined criticisms of her. Michael and Martha spent more and more of their time together discussing Amy rather than talking about their marriage. Martha is the most uncomfortable with the increased tension in the marriage.
The growing emotional distance in the marriage is balanced by Martha getting overly involved with Amy and Michael getting overly involved with his work.
Michael is in the outside position in the parental triangles and Martha and Amy are in the inside positions.Basic Materials in Music Theory: A Programmed Approach (12th Edition) [Greg A Steinke, Paul O.
Harder] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This classic, self-paced. Equity theory focuses on determining whether the distribution of resources is fair to both relational partners. Equity is measured by comparing the ratio of contributions (or costs) and benefits (or rewards) for each person.
Considered one of the justice theories, equity theory was first developed in the s by J. Stacy Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who asserted that.
1 Summary of the Algorithm Operation Application Report SLUA–January Theory and Implementation of Impedance Track™ Battery Fuel-Gauging Algorithm in bqx Family. In , a statistician named Thomas Kirkwood (now a biologist and professor of medicine at the University of Newcastle) published his disposable soma theory of aging [1, 2].Kirkwood’s idea was that organisms only have a limited amount of energy that has to be divided between reproductive activities and the maintenance of the non-reproductive aspects of the organism (soma).
Equity theory focuses on determining whether the distribution of resources is fair to both relational partners. Equity is measured by comparing the ratio of contributions (or costs) and benefits (or rewards) for each person. Considered one of the justice theories, equity theory was first developed in the s by J.
Stacy Adams, a workplace and . Motivation: Motivation, forces acting either on or within a person to initiate behaviour. The word is derived from the Latin term motivus (“a moving cause”), which suggests the activating properties of the processes involved in psychological motivation.
Psychologists study motivational forces to help explain.