Formation and evolution of the Solar System Earth and its neighbor planets may have formed from fragments of planets after collisions with Jupiter destroyed those super-Earths near the Sun. As Jupiter came toward the inner Solar System, in what theorists call the grand tack hypothesisgravitational tugs and pulls occurred causing a series of collisions between the super-Earths as their orbits began to overlap. Jupiter moving out of the inner Solar System would have allowed the formation of inner planets, including Earth. It is the largest of the four giant planets in the Solar System and hence its largest planet.
September 18, Uranus [insert] was visible through telescopes near Jupiter. Jimmy Eubanks Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. Fittingly, it was named after the king of the gods in Roman mythology.
In a similar manner, the ancient Greeks named the planet after Zeus, the king of the Greek pantheon. Jupiter helped revolutionize the way we saw the universe and ourselves inwhen Galileo discovered Jupiter's four large moons — Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, now known as the Galilean moons.
This was the first time that celestial bodies were seen circling an object other than Earth, major support of the Copernican view that Earth was not the center of the universe. Physical characteristics Jupiter is the most massive planet in our solar systemmore than twice as massive as all the other planets combined, and had it been about 80 times more massive, it would have actually become a star instead of a planet.
Its atmosphere resembles Planet and jupiter of the sun, made up mostly of hydrogen and helium, and with four large moons and many smaller moons in orbit around it, Jupiter by itself forms a kind of miniature solar system. All told, the immense volume of Jupiter could hold more than 1, Earths.
The white clouds in the zones are made of crystals of frozen ammonia, while darker clouds of other chemicals are found in the belts. At the deepest visible levels are blue clouds. Far from being static, the stripes of clouds change over time. Inside the atmosphere, diamond rain may fill the skies.
The most extraordinary feature on Jupiter is undoubtedly the Great Red Spota giant hurricane-like storm seen for more than years.
The color of the storm, which usually varies from brick red to slightly brown, may come from small amounts of sulfur and phosphorus in the ammonia crystals in Jupiter's clouds.
The spot has been shrinking for quite some time, although the rate may be slowing in recent years.
Jupiter's gargantuan magnetic field is the strongest of all the planets in the solar system at nearly 20, times the strength of Earth's. It traps electrically charged particles in an intense belt of electrons and other electrically charged particles that regularly blasts the planet's moons and rings with a level of radiation more than 1, times the lethal level for a human, damaging even heavily shielded spacecraft such as NASA's Galileo probe.
The magnetosphere of Jupiter, which is composed of these fields and particles, swells out someto 2 million miles 1 million to 3 million km toward the sun and tapers to a tail extending more than million miles 1 billion km behind Jupiter. Jupiter spins faster than any other planet, taking a little under 10 hours to complete a turn on its axis, compared with 24 hours for Earth.
This rapid spin makes Jupiter bulge at the equator and flatten at the poles, making the planet about 7 percent wider at the equator than at the poles.
Jupiter broadcasts radio waves strong enough to detect on Earth.
These come in two forms — strong bursts that occur when Io, the closest of Jupiter's large moons, passes through certain regions of Jupiter's magnetic field, and continuous radiation from Jupiter's surface and high-energy particles in its radiation belts.
These radio waves could help scientists to probe the oceans on its moons. Nearly 20, times stronger than Earth's Chemical composition: Jupiter has a dense core of uncertain compositionsurrounded by a helium-rich layer of fluid metallic hydrogen, wrapped up in an atmosphere primarily made of molecular hydrogen.
A core less than 10 times Earth's mass surrounded by a layer of fluid metallic hydrogen extending out to 80 to 90 percent of the diameter of the planet, enclosed in an atmosphere mostly made of gaseous and liquid hydrogen.
The four largest moons of Jupiter, now called Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, were discovered by Galileo Galilei himself, and are appropriately known today as the Galilean satellites. Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system, larger even than Mercury and Pluto.
It is also the only moon known to have its own magnetic field. The moon has at least one thick ocean between layers of ice, although it may contain several layers of both materials.Sep 16, · YES.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the Solar System. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our Solar System combined. Watch video · Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system, and is known for its many moons, its dangerous radiation belt and its iconic Great Red Spot.
The largest planet in the solar system acts like a giant magnet. Jupiter is the 5th planet in the Solar System, and the largest by far, easily visible in the night sky without a telescope.
Jupiter is the most massive planet in our solar system, more than twice as massive as all the other planets combined, and had it been about 80 times more massive, it would have actually become a. Jupiter is the only planet that has a center of mass with the Sun that lies outside the volume of the Sun, though by only 7% of the Sun’s radius.
Jupiter has a very unique cloud layer. The upper atmosphere of the planet is divided into zones and cloud belts which are made of ammonia crystals, sulfur and a mixture of these two compounds.