Nietzsche and the Problem of Suffering Van Harvey on the metaphysical aspects of an anti-metaphysical philosophy. Friedrich Nietzsche shared at least one fundamental concern with the religions and metaphysical systems that he so criticized: This is why Henry Aiken once pointed out that Nietzsche was not a secular but a religious thinker.
Why do we Suffer? Here, most people never give much thought to God, Jesus Christ, why they are here, ethics, truth, the soul, immortality, death and so on. They live in a spiritual void of work, materialism and pleasure seeking, and rarely think about evil and suffering - see for example A General View of Evil.
When they do think about suffering they tend to adopt the humanistic view that it is 'unfair', it is caused by the selfishness of human beings, or by chance through natural disasters, and it appears to have no real purpose.
And most will reject the notion of an omniscient, omnipotent, loving God arguing that such a God would not allow suffering, link.
Pain, Suffering, Hardship You are treading the path to your greatness: no one shall follow you here! Your passage has effaced the path behind you, and above that path stands written: Impossibility. Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual. Suffering is the basic element that makes up the negative valence of affective rutadeltambor.com opposite of suffering is pleasure or happiness.. Suffering is often categorized as physical or mental. The Cause of Suffering. The standard, rather blunt and cold scriptural explanation for suffering is found in the New Testament: "The sin of one man, Adam, caused the whole of subsequent humanity to suffer and be subject to death" (paraphrase of Rom ,18).
Nevertheless, such a society is moved with compassion when it encounters suffering, and some start thinking about their own eternal destiny. Our lives are continuously bombarded by events which lead to suffering and pain, either physical, emotional mental or both.
From a pragmatic viewpoint ignoring spiritual conceptswe can identify four generic causes or sources of suffering: Also, we need to ask "Is there a purpose for suffering - some objective reason why it is happening?
Many atheists or agnostics also describe themselves as Humanist. To deny God or gods strong atheism demands a knowledge of everything and is an undefendable position. In practice, most atheists, like agnostics and sceptics, simply lack belief in God or gods weak atheism and pursue an atheistic lifestyle linklink.
Atheism makes bold statements about life: It is not afraid to face the problems of life like sufferingand it is not afraid to confess that there are problems yet to be solved. It does not claim that it has solved all the questions of the universe, but it does claim that it has discovered the approach, and learned the method, of solving them.
They take the biblical truths that God is all-powerful, loving and perfect, and assume that such a God would create a perfect universe a debatable assumption. But the universe is not perfect, as in suffering, and so atheists conclude God does not exist.
Having eliminated or, more accurately, refused to consider God, atheism is restricted to a narrow worldview based upon what man and man alone can discern.
Atheistic reasoning and philosophy is void of any concepts or truths that could come from a higher transcendent source beyond mankind aka the biblical God.
There are no 'absolutes' - everything is relative, link and so the absolute concept of the biblical Fall of man as being the cause of suffering is discounted. So, by default, the atheistic philosophy of suffering is rather weak and simplistic.
Atheists and secular humanists tend to hold a very pragmatic view on the cause of suffering, accepting it as part of an evolved world - a fait accompli.Like all of Nietzsche's views, his views on pain and suffering are nuanced.
On the one hand, he saw the fetishization of pain and suffering in the Passion (and in Christianity more generally) as pathological, unhealthy, and in stark contradistinction to the "abundant life" that an atheist could lead. Articles Nietzsche and the Problem of Suffering Van Harvey on the metaphysical aspects of an anti-metaphysical philosophy..
Friedrich Nietzsche shared at least one fundamental concern with the religions and metaphysical systems that he so criticized: the problem of suffering and how one deals with it. Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s.
He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and social and political pieties associated with modernity. This book is a scholarly yet personal discussion of the problems resulting from biblical literalism, with a focus on animal suffering.
A key question throughout the book is: “Could God have ever looked at a world that included death or pain of any kind and pronounced it ‘very good’?”. George Wrisley [email protected] Nietzsche and the Value of Suffering—Two Alternative Ideals I Introduction What follows is a partial reconstruction of a central thread to Nietzsche’s answer to the question of what our attitude toward suffering should be.
These excerpts, from sections 1 though 14 of The Birth of Tragedy, are provided courtesy of the translator, Professor Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, British Columbia. Prof.
Johnston has made available a large number of splendid translations of classic texts.