Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. The Philosophes planted the seeds for the French Revolution.
In his log, Darwin wrote: The tuber was remarkable for both its adaptability and its nutritional value. As well as providing starch, an essential component of the diet, potatoes are rich in vitamin C, high in potassium and an excellent source of fiber.
In fact, potatoes alone supply every vital nutrient except calcium, vitamin A and vitamin D. The easily-grown plant has the ability to provide more nutritious food faster on less land than any other food crop, and in almost any habitat.
The Origin of the Potato The potato was first cultivated in South America between three and seven thousand years ago, though scientists believe they may have grown wild in the region as long as 13, years ago.
The genetic patterns of potato distribution indicate that the potato probably originated in the mountainous west-central region of the continent. Hector Flores, "the most probable place of origin of potatoes is located between the south of Peru and the northeast of Bolivia.
The archaeological remains date from bc and have been found on the shores of Lake Titicaca There are many expressions of the extended use of the potato in the pre-Inca cultures from the Peruvian Andes, as you can see in the Nazca and Chimu pottery.
As well as using the food as a staple crop, the Incas thought potatoes made childbirth easier and used it to treat injuries. At the time the Spaniards failed to realize that the potato represented a far more important treasure than either silver or gold, but they did gradually begin to use potatoes as basic rations aboard their ships.
After the arrival of the potato in Spain ina few Spanish farmers began to cultivate them on a small scale, mostly as food for livestock. From Spain, potatoes slowly spread to Italy and other European countries during the late s.
But it did not receive a warm welcome. Throughout Europe, potatoes were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear. Generally considered to be unfit for human consumption, they were used only as animal fodder and sustenance for the starving.
In northern Europe, potatoes were primarily grown in botanical gardens as an exotic novelty.
Even peasants refused to eat from a plant that produced ugly, misshapen tubers and that had come from a heathen civilization. Some felt that the potato plant's resemblance to plants in the nightshade family hinted that it was the creation of witches or devils. Let Them Eat Potatoes In most of Europe, the upper classes saw the potato's potential before the more superstitious lower classes, and the encouragement to begin growing potatoes had to come from above.
In meat-loving England, farmers and urban workers regarded potatoes with extreme distaste.
Inthe Royal Society recommended the cultivation of the tuber to the English government and the nation, but this recommendation had little impact. Potatoes did not become a staple until, during the food shortages associated with the Revolutionary Wars, the English government began to officially encourage potato cultivation.The American and French revolutions both compare and contrast in their origins and outcomes; both revolutions began due to the common peoples need to obtain independence and liberty from an oppressive government.
The American Revolution was triggered by the American colonists need for financial /5(10).
FOREWORD. Since its first publication in the Brazilian cultural journal Catolicismo in , Revolution and Counter-Revolution has gone through a number of editions in Portuguese, English, French, Italian, and Spanish..
The present edition is the first to be published digitally in the United States. - Introduction The French Revolution was nothing less than any revolution before or anyone after it: radical change in the institution that was known as the ordinary lifestyle.
What began as a dispute between the people and the monarchy quickly turned into a violent and demandingly rapid movement to change the government that was more. Jules Verne is the acclaimed author of such pioneering science fiction as 20, Leagues Under the Sea and Journey to the Center of the rutadeltambor.com he also wrote much more, including stories never before translated into English, which are presented for the first time in the Palik series, under the auspices of the North American Jules Verne Society.
The French Republican calendar (French: calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français), was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late to , and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in In , many British radicals interpreted the early events of the French Revolution in mythic terms, as signs that a cataclysmic event, akin to the Christian apocalypse (entailing the renovation of the fallen world), was at hand—and that, paradoxically, human beings rather than God were the agents of this absolute change.