Today nearly one billion women around the world do not have access to formal financial services and, new data provided over the last year has helped us to better understand that number.
Grameen Bank clients with health insurance: Membership in an SHG was critical to increasing awareness and uptake of water purifier. The health protection products resulted in a drop in MFI profit margin from The impact of microfinance programmes on the social and economic situation of the poor There has been intense debate about the impact of microfinance on the social and economic situation of the poor.
Critics of microfinance doubt whether the mechanism actually contributes to poverty reduction, 37 with some researchers arguing that the poorest are deliberately excluded from microfinance programmes.
Microfinance cannot be viewed as the sole contributor to poverty reduction, or as an alternative to government intervention, but may certainly help reduce some of the ill effects of income inequity, and can be effective for consumption smoothing among those living in poverty.
The aim was to assess the effectiveness of microfinance as a recovery tool. Analysis of retrospective panel data from randomly selected borrowers, both damaged and non-damaged by the tsunami disaster, showed that microfinance loans provided after the disaster were instrumental in reducing the income gap between borrowers who were affected by the disaster and those who were not.
The impact of microfinance programmes on community health While microfinance has essentially been a tool for poverty alleviation, the nature of the microfinance transaction — where usually women get together on a regular basis to repay loans and deposit savings — promotes group solidarity, trust and mutual support.
The survey also collected information on the types of financial institutions available, as well as other key infrastructures that typically come with development.
AfterIndonesia experienced significant growth preceding the economic crisis. Deloach and Lamina analysed this shock-induced variation, to study the effects on child health due to changes in the presence of microfinance and those due to changes in other indicators associated with communitydevelopment.
Children in communities with MFIs gained roughly one standard deviation in height relative to the international standard. The authors concluded that part of the increase in height can be attributed to the improved bargaining power of women, the strengthening of social capital through the MFI, and consequently a larger share of the limited food resources going to children than had done so previously.
In Bangladesh, analysis of a household-level panel dataset, spanning about 8 years, showed that access to microcredit enabled households to insure against health shocks.
If there was a sick member in the household, those who did not receive microcredit reduced ownership of livestock on average by 7.
The duration of participation in a microcredit scheme seems to matter in terms of the health and well-being of members. In Kerala state in India, a cross-sectional survey among non-elderly poor women showed that the odds of facing exclusion from health care were significantly lower among microcredit participants organized in an SHG, compared to non-participants.
Early joiners of an SHG were less likely to report emotional stress and poor life satisfaction compared to new members or non-members.
The impact of integrated microfinance health programmes on raising client awareness While direct behaviour change communication improves awareness, in the presence of community structures like microfinance and SHGs, the incremental effect may be further enhanced.
An evaluation of the initiative over the first 20 years found a reduction in the infant mortality rate from to 19 perand a birth rate decline from 40 to 20 per Health committees were formed to discuss maternal and neonatal health-entitlement issues.
The trial found neonates born to mothers in SHG communities had a significantly improved likelihood of surviving within the first 6 weeks of their lives compared to babies born to analogous households in non-SHG communities. The trial researchers attributed the findings to improvement in hygienic home delivery practices, neonatal thermal care and breastfeeding practices.
A cross-sectional survey on the impact of the uptake of microhealth insurance MHI among Grameen Bank clients in rural Bangladesh compared three areas based on placement of MHI: The study measured the impact of MHI on three health outcomes: Duration of membership in MHI was found to be positively correlated with awareness of important health problems and the probability of seeking formal care.
An analysis of demographic and health-surveillance data from the study area found that credit recipients paid more attention to health-promotion activities, in order to retain their eligibility to receive credit, free education for their children and subsidized health care for their family members.
Furthermore, longer duration of participation raised the odds ratio for indicators of prenatal care. BRAC also involved community health volunteers as frontline health workers, to identify and treat acute respiratory infection. Although the acute respiratory infection control project was aimed at raising maternal awareness in the community in general, it was expected that the social development aspects of BRACs microcredit programme would add to the process of promoting knowledge among its participants.
Compared to a control group, knowledge of clinical signs of acute respiratory infection was greater where women participated in a microcredit programme, received information about acute respiratory infection from volunteers, and had regular exposure to the media.
The impact of integrated microfinance health programmes on financing health care In India, one promising approach to delivering health insurance to the poor works in partnership with the existing rural networks of microfinance branches.
This provides evidence for the claim that access to microfinance empowers women. Data suggest that the scheme does provide some elements of financial protection, particularly for less expensive hospitalizations. By reducing the financial barriers, the scheme has improved access to inpatient health care.
A survey among 32 branches of the Grameen Bank found that participation in MHI contributed to increasing awareness of important health problems and to the probability of seeking formal health care. Micro-insurance programmes for health reduced barriers to health services for the poor, for basic and preventive health care.
The corresponding contraceptive prevalence and total fertility rates in the control area at the end of the project were Members in the intervention area had higher use of static clinic services for the purpose of vaccination, minor illnesses, family planning and nutritional supplements, compared to non-members.
The intervention consisted of placing a water purification system in classrooms; providing basic instruction to students, parents and teachers on waterborne diseases; and providing generic information on effective point-of-use water treatment boiling, chlorination, filtration, solar disinfection and safe storage.
The programme found that membership in an SHG was critical to increasing awareness and uptake of the purifier.
SHGs not only provided credit to members to meet the upfront cost of purchasing the purifier, but also added to other critical aspects for diffusion, through exposure to product demonstrations, early adopters, or changing social norms via exposure to peer influence.
There is scope for MFIs to absorb the additional cost of health programmes.The MFIs are the best placed institutions to support the government’s agenda on financial inclusion.
For this they would require ease of access to finance for various categories of MFIs (small. Committee on International Microfinance and Financial Inclusion Microfinance and Inclusive Finance are characterized by the provision of financial services (such as savings, loans, insurance and remittances) to people who have been left out of the traditional banking systems, often low-income individuals who lack collateral and credit history.
Home Others Guest-Column FINANCIAL INCLUSION THROUGH ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE: AN EMERGING MARKET NICHE. Others; Kenya has been urged to adopt Islamic microfinance business models to help lift many families out of poverty and boost financial inclusion of disadvantaged groups in the country. insurance (Takaful), and bonds (sukuks).
Apr 05, · Health Insurance International Partner to Expand Financial Inclusion for Unbanked Citizens of Democratic Republic Of Congo has pioneered financial solutions through microfinance.
Inclusion through Financial Education: OECD/INFE Evidence, and public policy in the financial sector, including insurance and private pensions.
Topics include risk management, governance, investments, benefit protection, and Financial inclusion is an international policy priority and demand-side initiatives including financial. Financial inclusion may be defined as the process of ensuring access to financial services and timely and adequate credit where needed by vulnerable groups such as weaker sections and low income groups at an affordable cost.