You can help by adding to it. July Clinical trials are experiments done in clinical research. Such prospective biomedical or behavioral research studies on human participants are designed to answer specific questions about biomedical or behavioral interventions, including new treatments such as novel vaccinesdrugsdietary choicesdietary supplementsand medical devices and known interventions that warrant further study and comparison. Clinical trials generate data on safety and efficacy.
Ethical dilemmasalso known as a moral dilemmas, are situations in which there is a choice to be made between two options, neither of which resolves the situation in an ethically acceptable fashion. In such cases, societal and personal ethical guidelines can provide no satisfactory outcome for the chooser.
Ethical dilemmas assume that the chooser will abide by societal norms, such as codes of law or religious teachings, in order to make the choice ethically impossible. Roger has recently met and started dating a wonderful lady named Phyllis.
He is convinced this is a long term relationship. Unknown to Roger, Michael observed them at a restaurant several days ago and realized Phyllis is the wife of his other friend Daniel. Michael is deciding whether to tell Roger that Phyllis is married when he receives a call from Daniel.
Daniel suspects his wife is having an affair and since they and Michael share many friends and contacts, he asks if Michael has heard anything regarding an affair. To whom does Michael owe greater friendship to in this situation?
No matter who he tells, he is going to end up hurting one, if not both friends. Does he remain silent and hope his knowledge is never discovered? Societal Dilemmas An article on ListVerse compiled a list of Top 10 moral dilemmas and asked readers to consider what they would do in those situations.
Here is an example of one of the Top 10 ethical dilemmas they proposed: A pregnant woman leading a group of people out of a cave on a coast is stuck in the mouth of that cave.
In a short time high tide will be upon them, and unless she is unstuck, they will all be drowned except the woman, whose head is out of the cave. Fortunately, or unfortunately, someone has with him a stick of dynamite.
There seems no way to get the pregnant woman loose without using the dynamite which will inevitably kill her; but if they do not use it everyone will drown.
What should they do? The Institute for Global Ethics also proposed the following ethical dilemma to promote a global understanding of ethics and to promote ethical decision making: The mood at Baileyville High School is tense with anticipation.
For the first time in many, many years, the varsity basketball team has made it to the state semifinals. The community is excited too, and everyone is making plans to attend the big event next Saturday night. Jeff, the varsity coach, has been waiting for years to field such a team.
Only one more week to practice, he tells his team, and not a rule can be broken. Everyone must be at practice each night at the regularly scheduled time: They have deliberately disobeyed his orders. The rule says they should be suspended for one full week.
If he follows the rule, Brad and Mike will not play in the semifinals. But the whole team is depending on them. What should he do? These are named after Lawrence Kohlberg, who studied moral development and who proposed a theory that moral thinking goes in stages.
Some examples of Kohlberg dilemmas presented to students at Haverford include the following: Joe is a fourteen-year-old boy who wanted to go to camp very much. His father promised him he could go if he saved up the money for it himself.
So Joe worked hard at his paper route and saved up the forty dollars it cost to go to camp, and a little more besides. But just before camp was going to start, his father changed his mind.
So he told Joe to give him the money he had saved from the paper route. In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her.ALL FIVE questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted 1 Minty Cola Co (Minty) manufactures fizzy drinks such as cola and lemonade as well as other soft drinks and its year end is 31 December You are the audit manager of Parsley & Co and are currently planning the audit of Minty.
Normative ethics is the study of ethical action. It is the branch of ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking.
[This is a slightly revised version of a paper published in Cognitive, Emotive and Ethical Aspects of Decision Making in Humans and in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 2, ed. I. Smit et al., Int.
Institute of Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, , pp. 12 . New guidance from the IBE on how to develop and implement an effective code of ethics.
This Core IBE Report addresses many of the questions that arise when organisations wish to provide support and guide staff in ethical decision-making.
Ethics: The Ethical Issue - 1. What is the ethical issue in the case. What makes this an ethical issue. The ethical question is whether or not it is right to default on a legitimate bill that is owed.
What are some examples of ethical questions?
Update Cancel. ad by NetSuite. What are examples of ethical questions about public shaming? What are examples of everyday ethical decisions?
What are some examples of ethics in daily life? Ask New Question. John Michael Cule.