Unlike American political parties, German political parties had narrower bases of support generally based on class, occupation and religion. They were therefore less inclined to compromise and more inclined to have programs based on clear sets of ideas ideologies. The parties on the left were strong supporters of progressive taxation, government social welfare programs, labor unions, equality and economic opportunity for women. They were less nationalistic, militaristic and antisemitic than the parties on the right.
The History Learning Site, 22 May The Weimar Republic experienced severe problems from its start. Those on the left — communists and the like — had no respect for the government and the success of Lenin in Russia had boosted their self-belief.
On top of this, the civilian population was still suffering from the effects of the war. Attempts to overthrow that government came from both the left and the right. This was a statement of what he wanted to introduce for Germans. He promised freedom of religion, freedom of speech, an end to censorship, a house building programme and an 8 hour day for the workers.
The Spartacists had the support of sailors who had not been paid. They demanded their owed pay and an increase in their wages. In the case of the sailors, force had worked.
This inspired the Spartacists, who renamed themselves the German Communist Party on December 30th, They announced their desire for a full-scale communist take over of Germany.
They were lead by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. The Spartacists defending a position in Berlin On January 6th,the German Communists started their take over attempt.
By this time, the government had found an unlikely ally in the Free Corps. However, the Free Corps had seen how Ebert was reliant on their power to overthrow challenges to his authority.
It was apparent that Ebert needed them more than they needed him. Two men were arrested over the murders of Liebknecht and Luxemburg.
He was never imprisoned. Even the legal system seemed to favour the right wing element of politics. By not severely prosecuting these men, the government appeared to be giving support to their use of violence. Immediately after this event, Ebert called a general election in which the Social Democrats won even more power in the Reichstag.
To escape the chaos of Berlin, the parliament moved to Weimar. On February 11th,the new parliament elected Ebert as president on the new German Republic. In Marchwhat was left of the German Communists attempted another takeover. The Free Corps was called in to crush them and within a few days had killed over people.
Ebert had ordered that anybody seen carrying a weapon was to be shot dead. The Free Corps had once again saved the government and restored order. As early as NovemberIndependent Socialists had set up a republic in Bavaria. It was led by Kurt Eisner. The Communists won out and a Soviet Republic of Bavaria came into being.
This was a clear challenge to the authority of Ebert.
The Weimar Republic People use the term "Weimar Republic" to refer to a period in German history between and when the government was a democratic republic governed by a constitution that was laid out in the German city of Weimar after Germany's loss in WW1. Three problems faced by the Weimar Republic were huge reparation costs, soaring inflation, and high unemployment. - The Main Problems for the Weimar Republic In the period of the Weimar Republic was facing many problems these were, Spartacist week, The Kapp Putch, The Constitution, The treaty of Versailles, The occupation of the Ruhr, Hyper Inflation, The Munich Beer Hall Putch.
The army and the Free Corps was asked to deal with the problem. On May 1st,soldiers from the army assisted by the Free Corps took over Munich killing at least people — including children.Ironically by , Adolf Hitler, a dedicated foe of the Weimar Republic, was the only political leader capable of commanding a legislative majority.
On January 30, , an aged President von Hindenburg reluctantly named Hitler Chancellor of the Republic. The Weimar Republic People use the term "Weimar Republic" to refer to a period in German history between and when the government was a democratic republic governed by a constitution that was laid out in the German city of Weimar after Germany's loss in WW1.
The absence of democratic traditions in Germany deprived the Weimar republic of a solid foundation. In the summer of , more than half of Germany’s voters ( percent) voted for either the Nazis or the Communists, the two most antidemocratic parties in the country.
The Weimar Government being a new and inexperienced government had to deal with the complex problem of economic depression. Hyperinflation occurred as the government made the mistake of too much money to pay reparations.
The Weimar Republic had to figure out how to pay reparations. Anton Kaes et al. (eds.), The Weimar Republic Sourcebook () Richard J. Evans, The Coming of the Third Reich () by highlighting problems, important issues and themes, and possible controversies.
Seminar The analysis of these texts will provide the basis for an essay exploring a particular aspect. The Weimar Republic experienced severe problems from its start. Ebert, the first head of the Weimar Republic, and his government were in a very difficult position.